Exploring the Delightful Differences of Stone Fruits

Peaches, Plums, Nectarines, and Apricots

Today, we’re diving into the juicy world of stone fruits. These fruits are beloved for their sweet, tangy flavours and are staples in many summer recipes. But what exactly sets peaches, plums, nectarines, and apricots apart? Let’s explore!

What are Stone Fruits?

Stone fruits, also known as drupes, are fruits with a large, hard pit (or “stone”) inside. This pit is surrounded by sweet, fleshy fruit, making them a favorite for snacking, baking, and cooking. Despite their shared characteristics, each type of stone fruit has unique qualities that distinguish them from one another.


  • Flavor: They offer a sweet, slightly tangy flavor that becomes more intense as the fruit ripens.
  • Varieties: Peaches come in two main types: clingstone (where the flesh clings to the stone) and freestone (where the flesh easily separates from the stone).

Culinary Uses:

  • Baking: Popular in pies, cobblers, and tarts.
  • Preserves: Excellent for making jams and jellies.


  • Flavor: The taste varies from sweet to tart, depending on the variety and ripeness.
  • Flesh: The flesh is usually firm and juicy, with colors ranging from yellow to red.

Culinary Uses:

  • Fresh Eating: Enjoyed fresh for their sweet and sometimes tart flavor.
  • Cooking: Used in savory dishes, salads, and desserts.
  • Preserves: Great for making prunes (dried plums), jams, and sauces.


  • Flavor: They offer a similar flavor to peaches but are often slightly firmer and spicier.
  • Varieties: Like peaches, nectarines are available in clingstone and freestone varieties.

Culinary Uses:

  • Fresh Eating: Ideal for fresh consumption due to their firm and juicy flesh.
  • Baking: Used in desserts like crisps and tarts.
  • Grilling: Excellent for grilling, adding a caramelized sweetness to the fruit.


  • Flavor: They are sweet with a hint of tartness, and their flesh is smooth and juicy.
  • Size: Smaller than peaches and nectarines, apricots are usually about the size of a plum.

Culinary Uses:

  • Fresh Eating: Enjoyed fresh for their unique sweet-tart flavor.
  • Baking: Commonly used in pastries, cakes, and muffins.
  • Preserves: Used in making dried apricots, jams, and compotes.

Key Differences

  1. Skin Texture:
  • Peaches: Fuzzy
  • Plums: Smooth and shiny
  • Nectarines: Smooth and fuzz-free
  • Apricots: Velvety
  1. Flavor Profile:
  • Peaches: Sweet with a slight tang
  • Plums: Ranges from sweet to tart
  • Nectarines: Sweet and slightly spicier than peaches
  • Apricots: Sweet with a hint of tartness
  1. Size and Shape:
  • Peaches and nectarines are similar in size, generally larger than apricots.
  • Plums can vary widely in size.
  • Apricots are generally smaller than peaches and nectarines.

Stone fruits are a delightful and versatile group of fruits that bring a burst of summer flavor to any dish. Whether you prefer the fuzziness of peaches, the smoothness of nectarines, the tartness of plums, or the sweet-tart taste of apricots, there’s a stone fruit for everyone.

At City Wide Produce, we take pride in offering the freshest and most flavourful stone fruits to our customers.
Visit us today and explore the wonderful world of stone fruits for yourself!

Happy eating!

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